With the stroke of a pen, Russian President Vladimir Putin formally enacted a series of anti-LGBTQ+ amendments banning marriage equality and transgender adoptions, and centering “a belief in God” as a core value of the country. The homophobic and transphobic amendments were passed last July in a national referendum, with over 77 percent of voters casting their ballots in support of the measures. The new rules also reset Putin’s term limits as president, meaning he can serve an additional two six-year terms in office. Religious themes play an important role in society in the nation and often drive anti-LGBTQ+ sentiments. The campaign in support of the constitutional amendments against LGBTQ was particularly offensive. One notorious television commercial featured a gay couple adopting a young boy from an orphanage. When the boy asks the man adopting him about his new mother, the man points to his car where a second man emerges wearing makeup and clothing that is meant to appear feminine. The ad, entitled “Why amendments to the Constitution are important,” ended by asking viewers if “this is the Russia you choose.” Video of the ad was later pulled from YouTube. Life for the LGBTQ+ community has grown even worse since then. As a modern Western country, Russia is the most anti-LGBTQ of any nation in this category.